Volume 10 Number 1 (Jan. 2019)

Bioscience Discovery, 10(1):31-35, Jan. - 2019

Cyanophycean Algal Flora From Arable Land Soils of Rahuri Tahasil District Ahmednagar (M.S.) India

Jadhav S. R. and S. M. Talekar*

Department of Botany, Arts, Science and Commerce College, Rahuri. Ahmednagar.(MS) 413705.
*Head P.G. Department of Botany, Mrs. K.S.K. College, Beed. (MS)-431122.
santosh.talekar567@gmail.com

Article info
Received: 22-10-2018,
Revised: 26-11-2018,
Accepted: 01-12-2018

Abstract
Extensive survey of arable land soil of Rahuri tahasil was undertaken during 2016-17 for the exploration of Cyanophycean algal flora. 30 soil samples were collected randomly from different arable land soil of Rahuri tahasil. Physico-chemical parameter like pH, E.C., O.C., N, P and K were studied. It was found that pH of all soil ranges from 8.03 to 8.72, E.C.- 0.2 to 1.5 mmhos/cm, O.C.- 0.28 to 0.84 %, Nitrogen- 16 to 275 Kg/acre, Phosphorus 4.48 to 35.84 kg/acre and Potassium 168 to 884 kg/acre. The pH of soil form different Villages were almost alkaline. 46 species belonging to 21 different genera were identified from these soil samples with the help of monograph Cyanophyceae. Dominance of Nostoc, Anabaena, Oscillatoria were recorded during the investigation.  

Keywords
Cyanophyceae, Arable land, Flora and Soil.

REFERENCES
Abhang AR, 2009. Screening of blue green algae for their potential as biofertilizer using leafy (Trigonella and Spinach) and Fruit (Capsicum and Tomato) vegetable as a test plants. Ph.D. thesis. University of Pune.
Abhang AR and Auti BK, 2013. Cyanophycean algal flora from the soils of mula right and left canal irrigated area of Rahuri tahasil, Maharashtra. J. of Flora and Fauna, 19(01):86-89.
Abhang AR, Rohakale GY, Pathare SA and Shinde MD, 2016. Distribution of Cyanophycean algal flora from the soil of arable land of Mula left canal in Rahuri tahasil, Maharashtra. Int. J. of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, Special issue: 4-7.
Ahmed SU And Kalita MC, 2002. Nitrogen fixing potential of BGA isolated from rice soils of Hojai sub-division, Nagaon, Assam. Phykos. 41:17-20.
Anand N, 1989. Hand book of blue-green algae of rice filed of South India. Publ Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Sungh, Dehradun.
Auti   BK And Pingle SD, 2007. The Myxophyceae of the Arable land from Ahmednagar District (M.S.), J.Ad. Plant Sci., 20(11):387-389.
Chatterjee M and Chatterjee SP, 1983. Nitrogen fixing Cyanobacteria from paddy field soils of Burdwan District. Phykos.22:64-66.
Deshmukh BS And Pingle SD, 2006. Freshwater blue green algae from pravara river, Maharashtra, India. Ecol. Envi. And Cons., 12(1):93-95.
Desikachary TV, 1959. Cyanophyta Publ. ICAR, New Delhi
Goyal SK Sharma BM and Gupta RS, 1984. Algal flora of rice field soils of Jammu and Kashmir and Kashmir State. Phykos, 23:59-64.
Jakson ML, 1973. Soil chemical analysis, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi. Olsen SR, Cole CV, Watanbe FS and Dean LA, 1954. Estimation of available phosphorus in soil by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. Cric., U.S. Dept. Agril. 938.
Page AL, Miller RH and Keeney DR, 1982.
Methods of soil analysis, Part 2. Chemical and microbiological properties, 2nd ed. ASA and SSSA, Madison, Wisconsin.
Patil PL, Satav SD, 1986. A study of nitrogen fixing blue green algae from rice fields of western Maharashtra. Phykos, 25:113-116
Patil SR And Chaugule BB, 2004. Species diversity in paddy field blue-green algae of the Western Maharashtra Abs. Nat Symp Bio and Biodiversity of Fresh water algae CAS, University of Madras, Chennai, 30.
Pingle SD and Deshmukh BS, 2005. Fresh water algae from amphitheatre of Wilson dam. J. Ind. Hydrob.7:97-100.
Ripka R, Derulles J, Waterburry J, Herdman M And Stanier R, 1979. Genetic assessments, strain histories and properties of pure culture of Cyanobacteria. J. Gen. Microbial. 111:1-61.
Rode SP, Sable AB And Pingle SD, 2011. Study of blue green algae flora from soil sample of Newasa region. J. Ind. Hydrob., 7:97-100.
Saikia P and Bordoloi RPM, 1994. Blue-green algae from the rice fields of Assam. Phykos. 33:53-57.
Sankaram A, 1971. Work done on blue green algae in relation to agriculture, ICAR, New Delhi pp.28
Shinde MD, 1995. Studies on soil characterization and effect of blue-green algae on selected crops from Pravaranagar area. (M.S.) Ph.D. Thesis. University of Pune.
Somwanshi RB, Kadu PP, Tamboli BD, Patil YM and Bhakare BD, 1999. Analysis of plants, irrigation water and soils, M.P.K.V., Extn. Publ. No.284, Rahuri (M.S.).
Subbiah BV and Asija GL, 1956. A rapid procedure for the determination of available nitrogen in soil. Curr. Sci. 25:254-260.
Subramanyam R, Relwani LL and Mann GB, 1964. Role of blue-green algae and different methods of partial soil sterilization on rice yield. Proc. Ind. Acad. Sci., LX (B) supplement 16:293-297.
Tiwari GL, 1972. A study of the blue-green algae from paddy field soils of India. Hyrobiolgia,39(3):335-350.
Venkataraman GS, 1981. Blue green algae for rice production. FAO soils. Bull.No. 146.
Venkataraman GS, 1961. The role of blue green algae in agriculture. Sci. Cult. 27:9-13.

How to cite this article
Jadhav S. R. and S. M. Talekar, 2019. Cyanophycean Algal Flora From Arable Land Soils of Rahuri Tahasil District Ahmednagar (M.S.) India. Bioscience Discovery, 10(1):31-35.

Note: The editor, owner, printer and publisher does not accept any responsibility regarding unsolicited publication material, authenticity of data, statement, inaccurate data, opinions, results and view expressed by the authors in articles are of their own and not of Bioscience Discovery Journal.
Online available on

http://www.jbsd.in
http://www.biosciencediscovery.com

Publisher: RUT Printer and Publisher, Jalna (MS) India